CONVERSION CALCULATOR

Conversion Calculator

In the construction aggregates industry, it is often necessary to convert between cubic yards and tons of a given resource. This can be a difficult process since cubic yards is a volumetric measurement while tons is a weight measurement. There is no definite standard for converting between cubic yards and tons. In fact, the conversion factor can vary greatly based on the type and density of material involved. The conversion factors for construction aggregate materials, both raw and recycled, can vary from ___ tons per cubic yard to ___ tons per cubic yard. If you know the density of the material in question, it is possible to calculate the conversion factor of tons to cubic yards. If you know the density in pound per cubic foot, multiply that density by 0.0135 (27/2000) to determine tons per cubic yard.

 

Material

Conversion Factor (Tons per Cubic Yard)

Ashes - wet (low)

0.6152

Ashes - wet (high)

0.7500

Ashes - dry (low)

0.4803

Ashes - dry (high)

0.5478

Asphalt, crushed

0.6076

Cement - clinker (low)

1.0871

Cement - clinker (high)

1.2978

Cement, Portland

1.2691

Cement, mortar

1.8219

Cement, slurry

1.2152

Cinders, furnace

0.7694

Cinders, Coal, ash

0.5402

Clay, dry excavated

0.9177

Clay, wet excavated

1.5388

Clay, dry lump

0.9042

Clay, fire

1.1478

Clay, wet lump

1.3500

Clay, compacted

1.4713

Coal, Anthracite, solid

1.2691

Coal, Anthracite, broken

0.9312

Coal, Bituminous, solid

1.1343

Coal, Bituminous, broken

0.7020

Coke (low)

0.4803

Coke (high)

0.5478

Concrete, Asphalt

1.8902

Concrete, Gravel

2.0250

Concrete, Limestone with Portland

1.9980

Dolomite, solid

2.4430

Dolomite, pulverized

0.6211

Dolomite, lumpy

1.2826

Earth, loam, dry, excavated

1.0525

Earth, moist, excavated

1.2152

Earth, wet, excavated

1.3500

Earth, dense

1.6871

Earth, soft loose mud

1.4579

Earth, packed

1.2826

Earth, Fullers, raw

0.5671

Gneiss, bed in place

2.4160

Gneiss, broken

1.5657

Granite, solid

2.2677

Granite, broken

1.3904

Gravel, loose, dry

1.2826

Gravel, with sand, natural

1.6197

Gravel, dry 1/4 to 2 inch

1.4174

Gravel, wet 1/4 to 2 inch

1.6871

Gypsum, solid

2.3486

Gypsum, broken (low)

1.0871

Gypsum, broken (high)

1.3483

Gypsum, crushed

1.3500

Gypsum, pulverized

0.9447

Limestone, solid

2.2003

Limestone, broken

1.3096

Limestone, pulverized

1.1747

Rip-Rap

1.3500

Rock - soft - excavated with shovel (low)

1.3483

Rock - soft - excavated with shovel (high)

1.5000

Sand, wet

1.6197

Sand, wet, packed

1.7545

Sand, dry

1.3500

Sand, loose

1.2152

Sand, rammed

1.4174

Sand, water filled

1.6197

Sand with Gravel, dry

1.3904

Sand with Gravel, wet

1.7022

Sandstone, solid

1.9576

Sandstone, broken (low)

1.1545

Sandstone, broken (high)

1.2219

Shale, solid

2.2542

Shale, broken

1.3365

Slate, solid

2.2677

Slate, broken (low)

1.0871

Slate, broken (high)

1.2219

Slate, pulverized

1.1478

Stone, crushed

1.3500

Stone (common, generic)

2.1194

Trap rock, solid

2.4295

Trap rock, broken

1.4713